Author: innovativeuc

Locally-owned, walk-in urgent care & family practice clinic offering extended hours and affordable health care options for the entire family.

6 Things to Consider When Choosing a Pediatric Clinic

Choosing the right caregiver for your child is one of the more important decisions you will make as their parent. A pediatric clinic caregiver will play a very important role in the dynamic of your family as your child grows. The right caregiver will help ensure the health of your child is never compromised. He or she will also guide you through making decisions regarding treating your child and protecting their health. You can expect to see him or her pretty frequently, especially throughout the first year of your child’s life as there are six regular check-ups routinely; and let’s not forget those unplanned visits that come up.

Choosing a Pediatric Clinic
Pediatric Clinic

1. Get Referrals and Do Your Research

In preparing to choose a pediatric caregiver, be sure to ask your family, friends, colleagues, and other trusted individuals for recommendations. When narrowing the list, check out things like office location and available hours. Make sure you could easily and conveniently access the provider you choose. Also, make sure you know which providers take your health insurance and who is accepting new patients.

2. Checking Credentials and Experience Is Important

You will want to ensure the caregiver you choose is comfortable with evaluating and treating infants, children, and adolescents. Pediatric specialists can include Family Nurse Practitioners, Pediatric Nurse Practitioners, Physicians Assistants, or Physicians. You can typically find credentials and educational background by searching reference websites online.

3. Read Patient Reviews

It is important to read other peoples’ opinions. This will give you insight into the patient and family experience both with the caregiver and his or her office staff. You can learn more about how he or she practices medicine and gauge if you may or may not agree with the methods used. You can also learn more about how the clinic flows including appointment scheduling, wait times, office environment, and behavior of the staff.

4. The Pediatric Caregiver Should Be Up-To-Date with Current Practices

Healthcare practices and medical treatments advance rapidly. Having a pediatric caregiver who participates in continuing education and stays updated with the latest research ensures the best care for your child. Be aware of this when choosing a caregiver for this capacity.

5. Are You on The Same Page?

Many healthcare providers allow you to meet them and ask questions about their style and practice philosophy. Your pediatric caregiver will be your advisor regarding the care of your new baby and you as a parent. Be open regarding letting him or her know how you prefer your child to be treated and nurtured. There are various approaches to parenting. Similarly, there are various approaches to treating a child medically. For this reason, it is very important to make sure you are on the same page.

6. Observe How the Pediatrician Interacts with Your Child

You should observe how the pediatric caregiver communicates and interacts with your child. This will help ensure he or she is a good fit for your child or not. Infants and children can develop a special bond with their pediatric caregiver and the comfort level should only blossom as your child grows.

In summary, there is a lot to consider when selecting a pediatric specialist for your child. It is important to keep all these things in mind. After all, as stated above, this is one of the biggest decisions you will make as a parent. It will affect the health of your child as they grow and age.

Sports Physicals? – Check out What Our Providers Have To Say

While sports physicals seem to be a mere formality, they can be the key to uncovering certain signs or symptoms that can indicate the potential for something serious happening during a sporting event. Since prevention is ultimately the best practice, part of our mission is to prevent sports accidents.

Let’s take a look at some common questions answered by the professionals and also how to best prepare for your sports physical.

Sports Physicals – Check out What Our Providers Have To Say
What is the difference between a sports physical and the traditional physical exam? How often should patients get a sports physical?

Generally, sports physicals are done annually by most schools and recreational or team sport organizations. The sports physical focuses on your well-being as it relates to playing a sport. It’s more limited than a regular physical, but it’s a lot more specific to evaluating for athletic issues. You should still continue to have regular traditional physical exams annually or per the recommendation of your primary care provider.

How long does a sports physical usually take?

Generally, it takes about 20-30 minutes to gather all the necessary information and complete paperwork.

What if a problem is detected during the physical?

If you don’t get the “OK” from us, does that mean you’ll never participate in sports? No! Based on the reason the patient is not being cleared for participation at the time of the visit, our providers will arrange appropriate follow-up, either back at our clinic or with a specialist for further evaluation.

What is a sports physical comprised of?

As mentioned above, a detailed history is taken followed by a head-to-toe physical. A detailed medication history is taken from the patient or patient’s parent regarding any past medical problems, surgeries, medications, immunizations, or other pertinent information. Vital signs and vision screening are performed. Then, an in-depth physical examination takes place, usually with a chaperone present. Our experts are examining carefully for any concerning or abnormal signs that would raise a red flag for sports participation. Lastly, the provider will fill out any necessary paperwork.

sports physicals

What makes sports physicals so important?

Sports physicals are important in determining an athlete’s medical capability to participate in sports safely. Sports can be demanding on the physique. Muscles are engaged and taxed, the heart rate is elevated, breathing is more rapid as the body requires more oxygen intake. These are just a few of the many changes the body can experience. Our providers want to ensure everything is working properly as it should so our patients can feel safe and confident in whatever activity they are participating in.

If you have additional questions not answered in this blog, please consult one of our experts to help you with that.
You can contact our trusted Family Health Clinic if you have any queries in this regard or you want to book an appointment. Call us at (210) 455-6253 or at We can assure you will receive comprehensive and premium quality health care.

Can Family Practice Providers Help Save A Life?

Today, we will talk about just a few of the many important reasons to have a family practice provider and the advantages it can bring to your healthcare experience. Continue reading this blog to find out more!
Usually, family practice providers do not specialize in any particular area but have vast overall knowledge of medicines and treatments.

If you experience an illness, your family practice provider will not only treat you with medication but can also arrange a referral to a specialist if it is needed.

family practice provider

Advantages of Having A Family Practice Provider

There are many benefits to having regular, close follow-up visits with a family practice provider.
We all know that disease and danger can come at any time, and the family practice provider acts as your partner in care during difficult times. He or she can help you navigate the murky waters of today’s healthcare climate to best meet your needs.

Here are some other advantages of having a family practice provider.

  • They offer support to achieve your personal health goals
  • Care is provided to patients of all ages across the lifespan
  • They take time to learn your personal history & your family history
  • They offer assistance to help you fight against any disease
  • They can help improve your life while saving you money

Research shows that developing a relationship with your family practice provider is the best way to ensure continuity in patient care, and continuity provides better health outcomes for patients.

Family practice providers are advocates for you and work with specialists and other health care professionals to provide patient-centered care.

Family practice providers can help manage chronic conditions such as weight gain and weight loss, heart disease, diabetes, and arthritis. They can also treat acute illness such as sinus infections and injuries.

Would you like to make an appointment with a family practice provider? If yes, no need to wait!

Get In Touch With an Innovative Family Practice Provider

Looking for a family practice provider? Then don’t hesitate to contact Innovative Urgent Care & Family Clinic! If you are in San Antonio, Bandera, or the surrounding areas, one of our providers can meet your needs. Our providers pride themselves on professionalism, compassion and timely patient care to get you on the path to health.

contact Innovative Urgent Care & Family Clinic!

During this pandemic, we encourage patients to utilize our telemedicine services. We offer a video call format or even simple phone visits instead of coming into the clinic if this is more suitable to you. These are secure options to visit with your provider from anywhere…using your phone…at your convenience. The providers at Innovative Urgent Care & Family Health Clinic strive to offer personalized, patient-driven care and are committed to personally knowing each patient and their values. We want to know what your ultimate goal is so that we can provide an excellent healthcare experience.

Innovative Urgent Care & Family Health Clinic, 9910 W Loop 1604 N, Suite 128, , San Antonio, TX 78254 - Phone: (210) 455-6253 Email: Price indication: $$
Monday9:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Tuesday9:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Wednesday9:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Thursday9:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Friday9:00 AM - 6:00 PM

Coronavirus Resource Center

The Latest U.S. Numbers (as of May 18, 2020, at 6:58 p.m. EDT)

U.S. cases have surpassed 1.5 million and the country’s death toll is more than 90,000. The Johns Hopkins Coronavirus Resource Center maintains an ongoing count of the COVID-19 cases and deaths in the United States and worldwide. As of May 18, the tally is:

  • Total cases worldwide: 4,786,672 (up from 4,516,360 Friday)

  • Total deaths worldwide: 317,695 (up from 306,051 Friday)

  • Total recoveries: 1,776,641 (up from 1,622,354 Friday)

  • Total cases in the United States: 1,506,732 (up from 1,432,045 Friday)

  • Total deaths in the United States: 90,236 (up from 86,851 Friday)

New York has added another region to reopen Tuesday, with many beaches set to reopen Memorial Day weekend. On Monday, New York State Governor Andrew Cuomo told the media that the region around Buffalo could reopen on Tuesday, making it the sixth of 10 regions in New York State to meet the criteria to lift lockdown measures, according to CBS News. The Finger Lakes, the North Country, the Southern Tier, the Mohawk Valley, and Central New York reopened last week. Cuomo said that these areas have met the required benchmarks, including declines in infections, deaths, and hospitalizations, and having sufficient numbers of hospital beds to handle a surge.

The governor also announced Friday that state beaches in New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, and Delaware will reopen the Friday before Memorial Day. As of June 1, horse racing tracks statewide can resume races without fans.

New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio, however, said Sunday that city beaches will not reopen Memorial Day weekend or in the near term, and that fences will be built if people start gathering on beaches, according to CBS New York. On Monday, he said that if the current downward trending of infections and hospitalizations continues, the city could ease social distancing restrictions and permit nonessential businesses to reopen by June, according to Newsday.

Texas recorded its highest single-day rise in cases as the state continues to reopen. Over the weekend, Texas reported its biggest daily case count to date of 1,801, according to Newsweek. The surge may be partially due to outbreaks at meat plants and increased testing capacity. The state allowed stores and restaurants to resume business on May 1; gyms are set to reopen today.

More than two-thirds of states have begun to reopen. According to The New York Times, this week Minnesota is set to reopen stores and malls, Kentucky is looking to lift restrictions on restaurants and stores, and Connecticut is allowing salons, museums, and office buildings to resume activities.

More than 11.8 million Americans have been tested so far. A total of 11,834,508 individuals have been tested in the United States for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 as of May 18, according to the Johns Hopkins Coronavirus Resource Center.

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New Developments

Initial human trials of a vaccine have yielded encouraging results. Phase 1 results of Moderna’s mRNA vaccine trial show that all participants who received varying dose amounts of the potential treatment produced antibodies for the novel coronavirus, according to data released on Monday by the biotechnology company.

In the study, led by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), three groups of 15 healthy participants ages 18 to 55 received dosing at either a low-level amount (25 micrograms), a medium level (50 micrograms), or a high level (100 micrograms). Low- and medium-level doses were shown to be safe, but those in the high dose group had significant “systemic symptoms.”

Moderna will discontinue the high dosing in its Phase 2 trials and expects to move to Phase 3 trials in July. If those trials go well, The New York Times reported that a vaccine could become available for widespread use by the end of this year or early 2021, according to Tal Zaks, MD, Moderna’s chief medical officer.

David Bernstein, MD, vice chairman of medicine for clinical trials at Northwell Health in Manhasset, New York, who is not involved in the research, told Everyday Health: “It is important for the public and researchers to have realistic expectations, and I would estimate that at best we are looking at a possible vaccine 12 to 18 months from now, assuming current trials are successful.”

The Federal Reserve chair said the economic downturn could go through the end of next year. On 60 Minutes on Sunday, Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell said that the economic slump “could stretch through the end of next year.” He added, however, that the country will get through the recession. “In the long run, and even in the medium run, you wouldn’t want to bet against the American economy,” he said. “This economy will recover.”

Vitamin D may help beat the virus. recent statistical analysis published in MedRXiv of coronavirus patient data from hospitals and clinics across China, France, Germany, Iran, Italy, South Korea, Spain, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States found a strong link between severe vitamin D deficiency and mortality rates. An article in Forbes reviewing the latest research regarding vitamin and COVID-19 concluded that the “jury’s still out on its effects.”

Trump announced that he is taking hydroxychloroquine. President Trump said he is taking daily doses of the antimalarial drug hydroxychloroquine, according to CNN. The president has touted the drug as a potential coronavirus treatment amid questions about its effectiveness and potential side effects.

A study suggests summer weather could help the slow virus spread. A working paper posted last week from researchers at Harvard Medical School and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology indicates that the warmer summer months could have some positive effects in blocking COVID-19. Temperatures above 77 degrees were linked to a reduction in transmission. The authors found a “negative association between temperature and humidity and transmission.” They warned, however, that the “estimated effects of summer weather are not strong enough to seasonally control the epidemic in most locations.”

Japan’s economy fell into a recession in the first quarter. The Wall Street Journal on Sunday reported that Japan’s economy, the third-largest in the world, contracted by 3.4 percent in the first three months of the year. The economy minister, Yasutoshi Nishimura, warned on Monday that data for the second quarter is expected to be worse, and he expects the economy to “shrink substantially for the time being.”

China supports a WHO investigation of the outbreak’s origin. Chinese leader Xi Jinping on Monday told the World Health Organization’s annual assembly that he backs an international review of the pandemic led by the WHO once the emergency has ended, reported The Guardian. Jinping also announced that China would donate $2 billion to the international fight against COVID-19 and offered to help establish hospitals and health infrastructure in Africa.

Trump officially unveiled Operation Warp Speed. On Friday, President Trump announced that Moncef Slaoui, the ex-head of GlaxoSmithKline’s vaccines division, and four-star Army General Gustave Perna will lead Operation Warp Speed, the administration’s effort to have a coronavirus vaccine ready by the end of the year, according to CNN. “Operation Warp Speed means big and it means fast,” Trump said.

Retail sales and industrial production dropped dramatically in April. The Census Bureau released data on Friday showing that retail sales fell 16.4 percent from a month earlier. This plunge comes on the heels of an 8.3 percent drop in retail sales in March. The Federal Reserve also reported that industrial production plunged a record 11.2 percent in April, according to the Associated Press.

A Gallup poll shows social distancing has dropped significantly. A Gallup poll released Friday revealed that 58 percent of U.S. adults report completely (17 percent) or mostly (41 percent) isolating themselves, continuing a decline from a high of 75 percent the week of March 30 through April 5. The results come as more states are taking steps to reopen their economies.

Tens of thousands of autoworkers are returning to jobs. The Associated Press estimated that 133,000 autoworkers are due to pour back into auto plants that are reopening next week. Ford is predicting stronger sales in the future in Europe, China, and the United States as the lockdowns ease.

Loud talking may leave viral droplets in the air for up to 14 minutes, a study found. A single minute of loud-speaking generates at least 1,000 virus-containing droplets, according to a study published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Researchers found that infectious droplets may hang in the air for 8 to 14 minutes. “These observations confirm that there is a substantial probability that normal speaking causes airborne virus transmission in confined environments,” write the study authors.

At 108, she may be the country’s oldest coronavirus survivor. Sylvia Goldsholl, who is 108 years old, maybe the nation’s oldest COVID-19 survivor, according to USA Today on Friday. The resident of the Allendale Community for Senior Living in New Jersey had the virus but made a full recovery. Goldsholl has also lived through the Spanish Flu Pandemic of 1918, which struck when she was 6 years old.

Almost three million people filed jobless claims, and the unemployment rate has hit 15.7 percent. The Department of Labor released data last Thursday showing that 2.9 million new claims for unemployment insurance were filed in the previous week. About 36.5 million Americans have filed applications in the past eight weeks. CNBC called it the biggest job loss in U.S. history. The unemployment rate has now rocketed to 15.7 percent, up from about 3.5 percent in February.

The ousted vaccine director warned lawmakers that the country lacks a vaccine plan. In testimony before the House Energy and Commerce Committee last Thursday, Rick Bright, Ph.D., former director of the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority, told representatives that the United States lacks a plan to produce and fairly distribute a coronavirus vaccine when it becomes available, according to the Associated Press. He warned that the nation could face “the darkest day in history” unless decisive action is taken.

Dr. Bright was removed from his post last month after pushing for rigorous vetting of hydroxychloroquine, an anti-malaria drug embraced by President Trump as a coronavirus treatment. He filed a whistleblower complaint saying he was reassigned because he tried to “prioritize science and safety over political expediency.”

The CDC has confirmed the link between a mysterious syndrome in kids and COVID-19. New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio announced that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has confirmed the link between a rare syndrome in children with COVID-19, according to NBC New York. New York City has found at least 145 cases of children sickened by the illness.

The CDC issued a health advisory regarding multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C). The condition has been seen in several U.S. states and European countries.

“Healthcare providers who have cared or are caring for patients younger than 21 years of age meeting MIS-C criteria should report suspected cases to their local, state, or territorial health department,” according to the CDC advisory.

According to the American Heart Association (AHA), children with this syndrome have symptoms resembling Kawasaki disease, including “persistent fever, inflammation, and evidence of single or multi-organ dysfunction (shock, cardiac, respiratory, renal, gastrointestinal, or neurological disorder), and may or may not test positive for COVID-19.”

How to Help

Blood Donors Needed

The American Red Cross is seeking people who have fully recovered from the coronavirus to sign up to donate plasma to help current COVID-19 patients. You may qualify to donate plasma if you meet specific convalescent plasma and regular blood donation requirements. The FDA offers more information about plasma donations on its website.

Help the Hungry

As a result of job losses, school closures, and health concerns related to the COVID-19 pandemic, many communities and individuals are in need across America. Feeding America is seeking donations to support food banks nationwide.

Consumer’s Guide to Drug Discounts

A Consumer’s Guide to Drug Discounts

Have you ever had to choose between buying groceries or paying the rent and filling a drug prescription? Have you or has someone you know ever skipped taking medication because of the cost? You’re not alone. Millions of Americans are feeling the burden of increasingly costly prescription drugs, and they’re making choices that could jeopardize their health. We are here for the guide to drug discounts

Today, the amount consumers have to pay out of pocket for prescribed drugs is rapidly escalating, from about $25 billion in 2000 to a projected $67 billion in 2025. To make matters worse, more than 8.8 percent of American adults, or roughly 28.5 million people, do not have health insurance and must pay for all prescription medications themselves.

But there are ways that you can minimize the effect that the accelerating prescription drug crisis has on your healthcare. This guide to drug pricing and discounts provides the answers to common questions and offers practical information that every consumer needs to know.

Why Are Prescription Drug Prices So High?

Did you know that Americans pay the highest costs for prescription medications in the world? You can partly attribute the exorbitant prices to an intricate and extensive drug research and development (R&D) and approval process, along with an equally complex healthcare system.

No doubt, we have benefited from innovations in the management of diseases for which there were few or no treatment options before. But opponents of the pharmaceutical companies argue that just a small percentage of the drug companies’ costs are used for R&D, with most of the money spent on administration and brand-name drug marketing.

Drug companies don’t tell the whole story behind the rising cost of prescriptions. There are third-party administrators known as pharmacy benefit managers (PBMs), who are paid to negotiate prices between pharmacies and large insurers. These PBMs charge pharmacy providers either a percentage or a flat fee for every prescription filled, which contributes to higher drug prices.

How Can You Save Money on Medication?

Consumers have options when it comes to getting the lowest prices on prescription drugs.

First, if you aren’t shopping around for medications at local pharmacies, using online coupons, or joining buyers’ clubs at drugstores, you’re probably paying way too much.

Just because your pharmacist quotes you a price does not mean that’s the lowest price for that prescription. Comparison shopping for prescription medications can be as quick and easy as following the helpful tips below, reviewing a few websites, and printing some money-saving coupons.

12 Ways You Can Cut Your Drug Costs

These 12 surefire tips will help you save on prescription medications so that you can put the extra funds into other important uses.

1. Try Generic Drug Options

More than 80 percent of all drugs today are generics, which use the same active ingredients as brand-name medicines and work the same way but tend to cost a lot less than their pricey brand-name counterparts.

The cost-saving news is that manufacturers of generic drugs do not have to repeat the animal and clinical (human) studies that were required of the brand-name medicines to demonstrate safety and effectiveness. Also, the competition among multiple companies producing a generic version of a drug helps keep the prices low for consumers.

According to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), to gain approval a generic drug must be the same as the brand-name product in the following ways:

  1. Able to reach the required level in the bloodstream at the correct time and to the same extent

  2. The manner in which it is taken (whether inhaler, liquid, or pill)

  3. Strength

  4. Testing standards

  5. Use and effects

  6. Working ingredients

Generics may differ from brand-name counterparts in terms of other characteristics that don’t affect the drug’s performance or safety, like flavorings.

What you should do Talk to your physician and pharmacist about generic equivalents of your brand-name drugs and consider switching.

2. Search for Discount Coupons Online

A simple Google search of your prescription drug, over-the-counter medicine, or healthcare supplies will bring up pages of websites offering money-saving coupons.

Drug coupons cannot lower your copay, but your pharmacist may apply the coupon to your drug purchase to lower the price.

What you should do Before you head to the pharmacy to fill a prescription, do a quick Google search to check for money-saving coupons and rebates.

3. Use an App to Compare Local Drug Prices

There are several websites and mobile applications that can help you find the best price available for a prescription drug.

One of the most widely used is GoodRx, which allows you to comparison shop and get coupons toward medications. GoodRx collects and compares prices and discounts that you didn’t know existed from more than 70,000 U.S. pharmacies, including CVS, Rite Aid, and Walgreens. It allows you to print free discounted coupons or send them to your phone by email or text message. You can then use a GoodRx discount instead of your health insurance or Medicare Part D or Advantage plan if the cost is lower than your copay.

When you go to, they will ask for the name of the drug, the dosage, the number of pills, and your zip code. Click the “Find the Lowest Price” button. You will see what you might pay at different chain pharmacies with a GoodRx discount coupon or voucher. You can then print or download the generated coupons and vouchers to your smartphone and show your pharmacist to get savings on your drug purchase.

Similarly, Blink Health lets users browse local prices by simply searching for a prescription drug’s name. It also offers the option of having your medication delivered or ready for pickup. Another online and mobile service is OneRx, which lists drug prices in your area and offers discounts to consumers using the OneRx card.

RetailMeNot Rx Saver is a popular and easy-to-use app and program. Here you can search for prices on brand-name and generic drugs. Their coupons can be used an unlimited number of times at retail pharmacies such as Walgreens and CVS.

Other websites and mobile apps that offer drug coupons and rebates include ScriptSave WellRxEasy Drug Card, and Search Rx.

What you should do Check out these and other no-cost prescription pricing services to see what pharmacies in your area charge for your medications.

4. Join Your Pharmacy’s Prescription Club

No insurance or not enough coverage? You can find in-store pharmacy prescription clubs at many drugstores. These money-saving programs can lower drug and supply prices.

Also, the in-store programs provide up to an 85 percent savings on thousands of prescriptions, including commonly prescribed generic medications for heart health, diabetesasthmamental health issues, women’s health, gastrointestinal health, and other conditions.

While these savings clubs are not health insurance, they can save you money at the pharmacy.

What you should do Compare different in-store pharmacy prescription clubs to get the best prices when checking out. In-store pharmacies at retailers like Walgreens and Kmart also offer prescription clubs.

5. Shop Local or a Preferred Pharmacy Network

Independent pharmacies may beat major chain drugstores, supermarkets, and big-box discounters on price — and by an impressive margin. Independents can also easily beat membership warehouses and clubs.

In contrast, the preferred pharmacy network is a group of chain pharmacies that likely give insurance plans a larger discount than other pharmacies.

The point is that drugstores have different prices — they can vary by hundreds of dollars — so be sure to ask ahead before you pick a specific pharmacy.

What you should do Call your local and preferred retail pharmacies before filling your prescription to find the lowest prices.

6. Use a Verified Internet Pharmacy

Verified internet pharmacies are those that have passed stringent reviews by the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy (NABP). These pharmacies often include “.pharmacy” in their URLs to show that they are in compliance with the NABP, although some verified pharmacies are .coms or .orgs. They also carry the designation VIPPS, for Verified Internet Pharmacy Practice Site.

While verified internet pharmacies have passed inspection and are deemed safe, be careful not to use a rogue internet pharmacy that is not verified. Check your internet pharmacy against the Find a Safe Site list to buy safely.

In a revealing 2018 study, Consumer Reports sent secret shoppers to 150 pharmacies in six cities across the country to ask for the retail cash prices for a one-month supply of five commonly prescribed drugs — essentially the prices someone without insurance might pay. The wide range in prices they uncovered was shocking. While the five-drug “basket” cost was just $66 at the verified internet pharmacy, two national chain retailers had prices closer to $900 for the five drugs. (7)

What you should do It pays to shop around, and don’t forget to check internet pharmacies like for greater savings.

7. Use Mail Order for Medications and Supplies

Many pharmacies offer online ordering for drugs, diabetic supplies, over-the-counter medicines, hair supplies, and even pet medications. And you don’t have to have insurance. After placing your order, you will receive the drugs and supplies in the mail. Make sure the pharmacy is VIPPS accredited and certified. Your doctor will send the Rx by e-prescription to the proper phone number.

What you should do Generally, it will take one to five business days to process your mail-order prescription, so it’s important to plan ahead.

8. Get Free or Low-Cost Birth Control Online

Not only can you get great prices on medications online, but several newer websites also offer free or low-cost birth control to women in many states. Planned Parenthood DirectNurxPrjkt Ruby, and Maven Clinic offer telehealth services, virtual clinics, and prescription drugs delivered right to your door — and no insurance is needed.

What you should do Explore telehealth services and virtual specialty clinics that can save you time and money on birth control and other necessary medications.

9. Talk Openly With Your Doctor

Be vocal with your doctor about any financial issues you may have, and be sure to try one or more of the following five things at your next office visit:

  • Ask your doctor for free samples or coupons. Doctors usually have samples and coupons given to them by drug reps. It doesn’t hurt to try a free sample pack before filling a pricey prescription to make sure this drug will work for you.

  • Ask your doctor for a 90-day supply. This gives you one copay every three months instead of one every month.

  • Ask about mail order. If your drug plan has a mail-order option, you may be able to get the 90-day supply of medications at an even lower cost.

  • Ask about pill-splitting. Your doctor can prescribe a higher dose of medicine at the same price as the lower dose. You can split the drug in half or fourths to save. Scored pills are easier to split, but use a pill splitter (usually between $3 and $9 at most pharmacies) to avoid crushing the medication.

  • Ask for an exception. If you and your doctor can’t find an affordable option together, speak with your insurer about making a formulary exception and providing coverage for your drug. The formulary is a list of prescription drugs covered by a prescription drug plan or another insurance plan offering prescription drug benefits. Your doctor will most likely need to submit a supporting statement, detailing that your drug is medically necessary and that any alternatives would have an adverse effect.

What you should do Be open and persistent. If your insurer denies your request for an exception, file an appeal. This requires that you work with your doctor to submit an application or letter of appeal.

10. Consider Patient Assistance Programs

Patient assistance programs (PAPs) are typically offered by pharmaceutical companies to provide free or low-cost prescription drugs to patients who lack health insurance or prescription drug coverage. You will need to fill out an application on the drug company’s website with your financial information. Your doctor may need to provide information about your prescribed medications.

The drug company will review the application and tell you if you’re eligible for assistance. If approved, many companies will ship a supply of the drug to your home or your doctor’s office. Your doctor will need to place a new order several weeks before the supply runs out.

What you should do Check out, an online database of drug companies offering patient assistant programs that provide free or affordable drugs and copay assistance.

11. Learn More About Medicare Part D

If you are 65 years or older and on Medicare Part D or Medicare Advantage, it’s important to understand how to get discounts on drugs. Medicare Part D is an optional program to help Medicare beneficiaries pay for prescription drugs. Medicare Advantage Plan is a type of Medicare health plan offered by a private company that contracts with Medicare.

The insurer’s formulary of drugs that they cover can change at any time, so be sure to check the prescription medications you take on the site to find the best Part D plan that works for you.

While some people are able to use discount coupons with Medicare Part D, most cannot unless they’re paying cash only. Of course, if you have a coupon for a drug not covered by your prescription drug plan, you can use this to lower your costs.

What you should do Take advantage of online education such as the Medicare Support Group to ask questions, share opinions, and stay up with the latest news. Also, check the site for more understanding on how Part D works with other insurance.

12. Get It for Free, if You Can

Some large supermarket chains, including Publix, Harris Teeter, Schnucks, Price Chopper, Walmart, Sam’s Club, Costco, and ShopRite, will fill basic antibiotic prescriptions like amoxicillin for free. Supermarket pharmacies may give prenatal vitamins, metformin, antibiotics, children’s vitamins, and other commonly taken medications and supplements for free if you have a valid prescription. These meds and antibiotics are free for as long your doctor prescribes them. You just have to ask.

What you should do You never know until you ask at the pharmacy to find out what drugs they provide customers for free. So be vocal!

Urgent Care vs. the Emergency Room

Urgent Care vs. the Emergency Room: What’s the Difference?

Knowing where to go after an illness or accident can sometimes be tricky, especially when your primary care doctor is booked — or when you need help after hours.

Do you head to an urgent care clinic? Or is the situation severe enough to go to the emergency department?

Each option has its place, says Brad Uren, M.D., an assistant professor of emergency medicine at Michigan Medicine.

Choosing one requires self-evaluation. A sinus infection, after all, needn’t prompt a trip to the hospital.

“There’s an important distinction between a minor injury or complaint and a major injury that requires a whole medical team working together,” says Uren.

He spoke about the two types of care and how to pick the right one.

Choosing between urgent care and the hospital

Urgent care can fill in for your regular doctor: The stand-alone clinics, which often are open evenings and weekends, “provide the sorts of routine injury treatment and acute medical care that a primary physician would typically perform in their office,” Uren says. That includes treating cold and flu cases, earaches, sprained ankles and minor cuts that require stitches. Urgent care clinics usually lack an operating room but may offer X-rays and simple lab tests.

Hospitals are ready for almost anything: Although equipped to treat minor injuries or sickness, emergency departments are best suited for the bigger stuff. “They can generally respond to just about any emergency within the capabilities of that hospital — 24/7,” Uren says. Among these offerings: radiology labs, ultrasounds, CAT scans and MRIs, operating rooms and access to doctors of varying expertise across medical disciplines. Beds are available if a patient needs to stay over.

Wait times will vary: Urgent care clinics might be sparsely staffed (with only a doctor and a nurse practitioner or physician assistant clocked in), but the lower acuity, or sickness, of patients means that most can be seen quickly. An emergency department admits patients using a system known as triage, which gives priority to serious cases. “If you’re in need of immediate, lifesaving care, you will absolutely receive it,” Uren says. A stroke patient, for example, would take priority over someone with a sore throat.

Costs will differ, too: Most people face a higher copay for emergency room visits compared with an urgent care consultation. So, beyond the prospect of a longer wait in a hospital, those with illnesses that aren’t life-threatening might choose the latter setting for fiscal reasons. “In many cases, insurance companies have stratified copays that make emergency department visits more expensive,” says Uren. “It is worth considering if your concern can be addressed at a lower, and cheaper, level of care.”

Urgent care clinics know their limits: Although patients should try to pick the most suitable place for treatment on the first try, a severely ill person will be quickly and appropriately sent to an emergency department if he or she checks in at urgent care. But that lost time can be deadly when dealing with severe trauma, shortness of breath or loss of consciousness — scenarios ideally suited to hospitals. Says Uren: “In emergencies, every minute counts.”

homemade sunscreens warnings

Researchers warn against homemade sunscreen

Recent years have seen a rise in do-it-yourself care products, from deodorant to soap and toothpaste. Recipes for homemade sunscreen are some of the most popular among social media users. However, a new study warns that homemade sunscreen may offer no protection against ultraviolets.

A quick Google search for the term “homemade sunscreen” will list about 9,750,000 results. Many are recipes for “natural,” “simple,” and “nontoxic” do-it-yourself (DIY) products.

The allure of DIY sunscreen is rooted in multiple factors, such as potentially lower costs and the belief that an all-natural cream made with handpicked ingredients is more healthful than a mass-produced sunscreen with an ingredient list that features chemicals with illegible names.

However, a new study warns that we shouldn’t trust the sunscreen recipes that we find online to yield a product that offers the protection we need against sunburn.

The study comes from a team of researchers from the Center for Injury Research and Policy at the Nationwide Children’s Hospital, in Columbus, OH, and the Brooks College of Health at the University of North Florida, in Jacksonville. Its findings will appear in the journal Health Communication.

“The internet is a great place for families to go to for recipe inspiration and arts and crafts projects, but not necessarily for making their own safety-related things,” warns study co-author Lara McKenzie, Ph.D.

Homemade sunscreen is ‘risky’

Since social media are a top source, worldwide, when it comes to DIY products, the researchers turned their attention to one such website: Pinterest, a social platform that allows users to display moodboard-like digital collections of their interests.

Some data suggest that Pinterest is the fourth most popular social media platform in the United States, where the website had an estimated 77.4 million users in 2018.

In the current study, the researchers looked at how Pinterest users described and rated various recipes for homemade sunscreen. According to the researchers, this is the first ever study to look at the portrayal of DIY sunscreen on Pinterest.

They found that most — 95.2%, to be exact — of the saved posts (called “pins”) regarding DIY sunscreen suggested that the homemade products were effective, and 68.3% of the pins promoted DIY sunscreens that, the researchers say, did not ensure appropriate protection against ultraviolet (UV) radiation.

Moreover, the team noted that a third of the posts featuring recipes for homemade sunscreen claimed specific sun protection factor — rendered on commercial packaging as “SPF” — rankings, of anywhere from SPF 2–50.

However, the researchers warn that such claims can be misleading, since the ingredients featured in those recipes actually offer minimal protection against UV radiation.

Yet many people appear to show keen interest in these recipes pinned on Pinterest, with users saving each such pin, on average, as many as 808 times. One specific DIY sunscreen pin was saved over 21,700 times, the team saw.

In their study paper, the investigators write that “[s]ocial media has become a powerful tool for sharing health information, yet it becomes dangerous when the information being shared isn’t accurate or complete.”

This also applies when people take the information regarding homemade sunscreens for granted. The researchers explain that specialists do not test such products, and for this reason, they may not provide any protection against UV rays at all.

“Homemade sunscreen products are risky because they are not regulated or tested for efficacy like commercial sunscreens. When you make it yourself, you don’t know if it’s safe or effective.”

Lara McKenzie, Ph.D.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) note that having “a history of sunburns, especially early in life,” can increase the risk of developing skin cancer. Thus, it is important to wear sunscreen that is tested and proven to be effective, from childhood onward, whenever exposed to strong sun.

Currently, the American Academy of Dermatology recommend using sunscreen that offers broad-spectrum protection — that is, protection against both UVA and UVB rays. It should also be SPF 30 or higher and water-resistant.

The same guidelines state that adults should apply about 1 ounce of sunscreen all over their skin. Individuals should reapply the cream once every couple of hours when out in the sun and even more frequently if they go swimming or become sweaty.

Nutrients for Bone Health

A Guide to Nutrients for Bone Health

Bones are active, living tissues that are grown, broken down, and remodeled throughout our lives. Loss of overall bone mass can occur when bone resorption (breakdown) and bone remodeling are imbalanced. This process is associated with osteoporosis, a condition characterized by low bone mineral density, impaired bone structure, and an increased risk of bone fractures.

The risk of bone loss and osteoporosis increases with age; however, various lifestyle factors may reduce your risk and promote bone health. Continue reading to find out how to prevent bone loss by incorporating nutrients important for bone health.

Strengthen your bones by limiting alcohol consumption, avoiding smoking, exercising regularly, and consuming a healthy diet.

What causes bone loss: diet and bone health

Several dietary factors may impair bone health. One review investigated the effect of dietary patterns on bone strength and resilience, including its effect on bone mineral status, fracture risk, osteoporosis, and bone biomarkers (measurable indicators of disease). The researchers found that a poor quality Western-style dietary pattern and certain unhealthy dietary components were associated with poor bone health. You can reduce bone loss risk factors in your diet, by avoiding:

  • Fried foods

  • Meat, particularly processed meat products

  • Processed foods

  • Refined grains

  • Soft drinks

  • Sweets and desserts

Further, specific nutrient deficiencies may be associated with an increased risk of bone diseases, reduced growth of bone mass in children and adolescents, as well as increased bone loss in the elderly, including:

The best diet for bone health

Consuming a nutritious diet may support bone health in various ways, such as improving bone density and bone mineral content, reducing the risk of fractures, and decreasing bone resorption. The best foods for bone health include:

  • Fish and seafood

  • Fruit

  • Legumes

  • Low-fat dairy products

  • Nuts and seeds

  • Olive oil

  • Poultry

  • Vegetables

  • Whole grains

Adhering to an overall healthy dietary pattern, such as the Mediterranean diet, may protect your bone health. There has been some concern linking higher protein consumption with increased calcium excretion from the body. However, a systematic review concluded that higher protein intake isn’t associated with adverse effects on bone health and may, in fact, support bone mineral density and help protect the spine.

Which nutrients help build strong bones?

We outline five of the key nutrients for bone health below. If you’re a patient, speak with your integrative healthcare practitioner to determine which diet and supplements are best for your individual needs.

Calcium is found in a variety of animal- and plant-based foods, as well as in supplements.


An essential mineral (cannot be produced by the body) and the most abundant mineral in the body, calcium is a key structural component of bones and teeth. Calcium is naturally found in high amounts in dairy products, canned fish such as sardines and salmon, chia seeds, and leafy greens such as kale, turnip greens, and bok choy. The daily recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for calcium is 1,000 mg for adults, 1,200 mg for females 51 and older, and 1,200 mg for males 71 and older.

Certain individuals have an increased risk of calcium deficiency, including postmenopausal women, women with amenorrhea (absence of menstruation), vegetarians, and individuals who restrict dairy, such as those with lactose intolerance. Research suggests that calcium supplementation may benefit individuals with osteoporosis by reducing the rate of bone loss.

Did you know?
99% of your body’s calcium is present in bones and teeth.

With adequate calcium intake, vitamin D may reduce the risk of bone fractures from falls and improve balance and muscle function.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D, also known as cholecalciferol, is one of the necessary vitamins for bone health. It enables the absorption of calcium from the gut, maintains blood calcium and phosphorus levels, and supports bone growth and remodeling. The body produces vitamin D from sun exposure, and precursors to the active form can be obtained from fatty fish, mushrooms, beef liver, eggs, and dietary supplements.

Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with osteoporosis and osteomalacia. Osteomalacia is a condition characterized by impaired mineralization of the bone matrix and bone softening. Research suggests that certain factors increase the risk of vitamin D deficiency, such as being postmenopausal, being over 70 years old, and having limited sun exposure.

Vitamin K2

Vitamin K2 is a form of vitamin K that assists in bone mineralization and helps prevent calcium from accumulating in blood vessels. Studies have shown that vitamin K2 improves bone mineral density and decreases the risk of fractures.

You can find vitamin K2 in eggs, cheeses, meats, natto (fermented soybeans), and some bone health supplements. Vitamin K1, found in high amounts in green leafy vegetables, is considered to be less active than the K2 form. Research suggests that vitamin K2 supplementation may prevent bone density loss and bone strength decline in certain individuals, such as postmenopausal women.

Did you know?
Bone mass peaks around the age of 30. Childhood, adolescence, and early adulthood are the time periods when we can significantly increase our peak bone mass through diet, lifestyle choices, and physical activity.

Consuming adequate amounts of magnesium can help maintain bone integrity.


Magnesium is an essential macromineral (needed in relatively large amounts) that is required for healthy bone structure and is essential to the function of osteoblasts and osteoclasts, cells that build and break down bones. Magnesium is also involved in mineral homeostasis, helping to maintain the balance of other minerals, such as calcium and potassium.

One four-year study in elderly adults found that increased magnesium intake was associated with higher bone mineral density in the forearm for men and in one hip site for both women and men. You can increase the magnesium in your diet by consuming a variety of plant foods, including green vegetables, nuts, seeds, legumes, and whole grains.

Did you know?
Approximately 50 to 60% of the magnesium in your body is found in bones.


Potassium is an essential mineral that helps maintain fluid balance, making it necessary for all body tissues. One theory that promotes an alkaline diet for bone health is based on the hypothesis that a highly acidic diet affects acid-base balance, leading to increased use of calcium as an acid-buffering agent and subsequent bone loss. As an alkaline substance, potassium is said to protect against this process, although this theory is debated.

Observational studies of dietary potassium intake support its role in bone health, and clinical trials of potassium supplementation show that the mineral may increase bone formation and decrease bone resorption. On the other hand, potassium deficiency may increase the risk of bone turnover. Potassium is found in high amounts in dried fruit, lentils, squash, potatoes, beans, bananas, dairy products, and spinach.

Additional nutrients for bone health

Keep in mind that, in addition to the nutrients highlighted above, bone formation relies on many different nutrients that can be obtained from the diet or dietary supplements, including:

  • B vitamins

  • Boron

  • Calcium

  • Copper

  • Fluoride

  • Iron

  • Magnesium

  • Manganese

  • Protein

  • Potassium

  • Phosphorus

  • Silicon

  • Vitamin A

  • Vitamin C

  • Vitamin D

  • Vitamin K2

  • Zinc

The bottom line

Certain lifestyle modifications, including food for healthy bones and bone supplements, may promote bone health and prevent the risk of osteoporosis. If you’re a patient, consult with your healthcare practitioner for individual guidance on your wellness regime before trying bone health supplements.


Health Benefits Of Vitamin D & Best Sources

Vitamin D is an essential vitamin responsible for numerous body functions, ranging from supporting bone health to regulating the immune system. Unlike other vitamins, vitamin D functions as a hormone, meaning that it serves as a messenger, controlling and coordinating activities throughout the body.

Vitamin D can be obtained from some foods, but the body can also create its own. Often called the “sunshine vitamin”, vitamin D is synthesized by the body when invisible UVB rays from the sun are absorbed by the skin. Vitamin D may also be obtained through supplementation if food intake and sun exposure do not provide enough.

Vitamin D benefits

Outlined below are some of the health benefits of vitamin D.

Promotes healthy bones

Vitamin D is essential for maintaining strong, healthy bones. Bone mass is determined by a number of factors, including genetics, physical activity, and nutrition. By age 40, bone mass begins to decline, increasing our risk of fractures and osteoporosis, a condition characterized by low bone mass.

Calcium, a mineral that helps build and maintain strong bones, requires vitamin D for proper absorption. Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium and maintain adequate calcium in the blood, which promotes bone mineralization. If vitamin D levels are not sufficient, calcium is released from the bones to help maintain blood calcium levels, contributing to soft, brittle bones.

Research suggests that supplementing with vitamin D may increase bone density, resulting in a decreased risk of osteoporosis and fracture.

Boosts immune health

The immune system, the body system responsible for defending the body from foreign invaders, is influenced by vitamin D status. Low levels of vitamin D are associated with increased susceptibility to infection.

Research has also identified a link between poor vitamin D status and multiple autoimmune diseases, including lupus, multiple sclerosis (MS), and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Deficiency is common in individuals with autoimmune disease, however, improving vitamin D status, though supplementation, diet, and sun exposure, may have protective effects against autoimmune disease.

Vitamin D supports the immune system by stimulating immune cells, such as macrophages and T-cells, that defend the body against harmful pathogens.

Several studies have found a correlation between optimal vitamin D levels and a decreased risk of upper respiratory tract infections, such as the common cold. It’s believed that this protective effect is the result of an increased expression of anti-microbial peptides in the lungs.

May support healthy cardiovascular health

Vitamin D deficiency is a known risk factor for cardiovascular disease. While existing research is inconclusive, there is some evidence to suggest that supplementing with vitamin D may support heart health by lowering the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Supplementing with vitamin D and calcium together may decrease risk of heart failure by 25 to 37%. Furthermore, sufficient vitamin D status may reduce elevated levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH), a hormone that regulates calcium in the blood. When excess PTH is secreted, risk of hypertension and heart failure increases.

One study found that vitamin D supplementation may improve blood flow. Another study of overweight adults with vitamin D deficiency investigated the effects of vitamin D supplementation on high blood pressure. After six months of supplementation, blood pressure significantly improved.

May delay age-related cognitive decline

Age-related cognitive decline may be associated with vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D receptors are found throughout the brain and research has shown that vitamin D may have neuroprotective effects, including reducing beta-amyloid plaques, a protein buildup that contributes to the development of Alzheimer’s disease.

Vitamin D also acts as an antioxidant. Adequate levels of vitamin D may help reduce or prevent oxidative damage to nervous tissue that can lead to cognitive decline.

Some research suggests that supplementing with high doses of vitamin D may improve visual memory, particularly among individuals with vitamin D insufficiency. While human studies are limited, one animal study showed that vitamin D supplementation improved age-related cognitive decline.

How much vitamin D do you need?

The Food and Nutrition Board (FNB) sets intake reference values for various nutrients, including vitamin D. The established recommended dietary allowance (RDA) represents a daily intake of vitamin D that is sufficient to maintain bone health and normal calcium metabolism in healthy people.

Also established is the tolerable upper intake level (UL), which represents the maximum daily amount of a nutrient that is unlikely to cause adverse effects. Since vitamin D is stored in fat cells, excess amounts can build up to dangerous levels, causing high blood calcium and damage to the heart, blood vessels, and kidneys.

Vitamin D deficiency

Vitamin D deficiency is very common, affecting approximately 41% of the population. Low levels of vitamin D can have serious consequences and are associated with several health concerns, including diabetes, cancer, osteoporosis, and high blood pressure.

Certain populations are at increased risk of developing a vitamin D deficiency, including older adults, those who live in northern regions of the world, breastfed infants (often a result of low vitamin D status in the mother), individuals with darker skin, people with a BMI ≥30, and individuals with certain chronic conditions affecting fat absorption (e.g., celiac disease and ulcerative colitis).

Vitamin D deficiency symptoms

Vitamin D deficiency may manifest itself in any of the following ways:

  • Bone pain

  • Chronic fatigue

  • Muscle pain

  • Weakness

Sources of vitamin D

There are three key sources of vitamin D – sunlight, dietary sources, and supplements.


Sunlight is a reliable source of vitamin D. When the UVB rays from the sun (the same rays that cause sunburn) come into contact with our skin, cholesterol in skin cells reacts by converting these rays into vitamin D. The success of this reaction depends on the amount of skin exposed to sunlight, as well as the amount of melanin in the skin. Melanin is the pigment that determines the color of our skin, hair, and eyes. The more melanin your skin contains, the darker your skin, resulting in fewer amounts of UVB rays absorbed by the skin.

How much sun exposure is enough?

Spending approximately five to 30 minutes outdoors, twice per week, between the hours of 10 a.m. and 3 p.m. typically provides enough UVB to meet vitamin D needs. The face, arms, legs, or back, without sunscreen, should be exposed to the sun during this time. It’s important to note that sun exposure can increase the risk of skin cancer, so only spend short periods of time in the sun without protection.

Fatty fish, beef liver, egg yolks, and mushrooms naturally contain vitamin D.

Dietary sources

Vitamin D is naturally found in a limited number of foods, as well as in some vitamin D-fortified products. The list below outlines the most common food sources.

Natural food sources of vitamin D include:

  • Beef liver

  • Cheese

  • Egg yolk

  • Fatty fish (e.g., mackerel, salmon, and tuna)

  • Some mushrooms (e.g., chanterelle, maitake, and UV-treated portabella)

Foods fortified with vitamin D often include:

  • Breakfast cereals

  • Dairy products (e.g., milk and yogurt)

  • Non-dairy milk (e.g., soy and almond milk)

  • Orange juice

Did you know?
Since vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin, pairing vitamin D-rich foods or supplements with high-fat foods, such as avocados or nuts, can significantly increase absorption.


People who spend limited time in the sun, don’t consume enough vitamin D-containing foods, or have low blood levels of vitamin D may benefit from a vitamin D supplement. Vitamin D supplements are typically available in various forms, including capsules, chewable tablets, and drops. Talk to your healthcare practitioner, who can help determine if supplementation is right for you.

Did you know?
Vitamin K, specifically K2, is often paired with vitamin D in supplements. Vitamin K2 promotes bone calcification and minimizes the accumulation of calcium in the blood vessels.

Vitamin D supplements should only be taken on the advice of a healthcare practitioner.

The bottom line

Vitamin D deficiency is common, however, it’s feasible to get enough through adequate sun exposure and intake of vitamin D-rich foods. If you are at risk for a vitamin D deficiency, consult your integrative healthcare practitioner for testing and specific recommendations.

Fevers - All you need to know

Fevers: See what you should know


A fever is a temporary increase in your body temperature, often due to an illness. Having a fever is a sign that something out of the ordinary is going on in your body.

For an adult, a fever may be uncomfortable, but usually isn’t a cause for concern unless it reaches 103 F (39.4 C) or higher. For infants and toddlers, a slightly elevated temperature may indicate a serious infection.

Fevers generally go away within a few days. A number of over-the-counter medications lower a fever, but sometimes it’s better left untreated. Fever seems to play a key role in helping your body fight off a number of infections.


You have a fever when your temperature rises above its normal range. What’s normal for you may be a little higher or lower than the average normal temperature of 98.6 F (37 C).

Depending on what’s causing your fever, additional fever signs and symptoms may include:

  • Sweating

  • Chills and shivering

  • Headache

  • Muscle aches

  • Loss of appetite

  • Irritability

  • Dehydration

  • General weakness

Children between the ages of 6 months and 5 years might experience febrile seizures. About a third of the children who have one febrile seizure will have another one, most commonly within the next 12 months.

Taking a temperature

To check your or your child’s temperature, you can choose from several types of thermometers, including oral, rectal, ear (tympanic), and forehead (temporal artery) thermometers.

Although it’s not the most accurate way to take a temperature, you can use an oral thermometer for an armpit (axillary) reading:

  1. Place the thermometer in the armpit and cross your arms or your child’s arms over the chest.

  2. Wait four to five minutes. The axillary temperature is slightly lower than an oral temperature.

  3. If you call your doctor, report the actual number on the thermometer and where on the body you took the temperature.

Use a rectal thermometer for infants:

  1. Place a dab of petroleum jelly on the bulb.

  2. Lay your baby on his or her tummy.

  3. Carefully insert the bulb 1/2 to 1 inch (1.3 to 2.5 centimeters) into your baby’s rectum.

  4. Hold the bulb and your baby still for three minutes.

  5. Don’t let go of the thermometer while it’s inside your baby. If your baby squirms, the thermometer could go deeper and cause an injury.

When to see a doctor

Fevers by themselves may not be a cause for alarm — or a reason to call a doctor. Yet there are some circumstances when you should seek medical advice for your baby, your child, or yourself.


Unexplained fever is a greater cause for concern in infants and in children than in adults. Call your baby’s doctor if your child is:

  • Younger than age 3 months and has a rectal temperature of 100.4 F (38 C) or higher.

  • Between ages 3 and 6 months and has a rectal temperature up to 102 F (38.9 C) and seems unusually irritable, lethargic or uncomfortable or has a temperature higher than 102 F (38.9 C).

  • Between ages 6 and 24 months and has a rectal temperature higher than 102 F (38.9 C) that lasts longer than one day but shows no other symptoms. If your child also has other signs and symptoms, such as a cold, cough or diarrhea, you might call your child’s doctor sooner based on severity.


There’s probably no cause for alarm if your child has a fever but is responsive — making eye contact with you and responding to your facial expressions and to your voice — and is drinking fluids and playing.

Call your child’s doctor if your child:

  • Is listless or irritable, vomits repeatedly, has a severe headache or stomachache, or has any other symptoms causing significant discomfort.

  • Has a fever after being left in a hot car. Seek medical care immediately.

  • Has a fever that lasts longer than three days.

  • Appears listless and has poor eye contact with you.

Ask your child’s doctor for guidance in special circumstances, such as a child with immune system problems or with a pre-existing illness.


Call your doctor if your temperature is 103 F (39.4 C) or higher. Seek immediate medical attention if any of these signs or symptoms accompanies a fever:

  • Severe headache

  • Unusual skin rash, especially if the rash rapidly worsens

  • Unusual sensitivity to bright light

  • Stiff neck and pain when you bend your head forward

  • Mental confusion

  • Persistent vomiting

  • Difficulty breathing or chest pain

  • Abdominal pain or pain when urinating

  • Convulsions or seizures